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July 2009

The greedy hand of government

"If, from the more wretched parts of the old world, we look at those which are in an advanced stage of improvement, we still find the greedy hand of government thrusting itself into every corner and crevice of industry, and grasping the spoil of the multitude. Invention is continually exercised, to furnish new pretenses for revenues and taxation. It watches prosperity as its prey and permits none to escape without tribute." --Thomas Paine, Rights of Man, 1791

High-Speed Spending

by Randal O’Toole

On June 17, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) asked states for proposals for spending the $8 billion of stimulus money that Congress allocated to high-speed rail. Which raises a question: Would you pay $1,000 so that someone — probably not you — can ride high-speed trains less than 60 miles a year? 

That’s what the FRA’s high-speed rail plan is going to cost: at least $90 billion or $1,000 for every federal income taxpayer in the country.

That’s only the beginning. Count on adding $400 for cost overruns. Taxpayers will also have to cover operating losses: Amtrak currently loses $28 to $84 per passenger in most of its short-distance corridors. 

The FRA plan also has huge gaps, such as Dallas to Houston, Jacksonville to Orlando, and the entire Rocky Mountains. Once states start building high-speed rail, expect local politicians to demand these gaps be filled at your expense. And don’t be surprised when the government asks for billions more in 30 years to rebuild what will then be a worn-out system.

What would we get for all this money? Unless you live in California, and maybe Florida, don’t expect superfast bullet trains. In most of the rest of the country, the FRA is merely proposing to boost the top speeds of Amtrak trains from 79 miles per hour to 110 mph. 

A top speed of 110 mph means average speeds of only 60-70 mph, which is hardly revolutionary. Many American railroads were running trains that fast 70 years ago.

The pro-rail Center for Clean Air Policy predicts that, if the FRA’s system is completely built, it will carry Americans 20.6 billion passenger miles a year in 2025. That sounds like a lot, but, given predicted population growth, it is just 58 miles per person.

The FRA left Iowa out of its plan, but others have proposed a line from Rock Island to Omaha. Building this to 110-mph standards will cost more than $1 billion, or $350 for every Iowa resident, plus tens of millions more per year in operating subsidies. For that, the average Iowa resident will rarely ride the trains. 

Most of your $1,000 will go to California, which wants to you to help pay for a costly bullet train. Even this train will do little to relieve congestion or save energy; mainly it will just fatten the wallets of rail contractors.

As of this writing, $99 will get you from Washington to New York in two hours and fifty minutes on Amtrak’s high-speed train, while $49 pays for a moderate-speed train ride that takes three hours and fifteen minutes. 

Meanwhile, relatively unsubsidized and energy-efficient buses cost $20 for a four-hour-and-fifteen-minute trip with leather seats and free Wi-Fi. Airfares start at $119 for a one-hour flight.

Who would pay an extra $79 of their own money to save less than 90 minutes of their time? Those wealthy enough to value their time that highly would pay the extra $20 to take the plane. The train’s only advantage is for people going from downtown to downtown.

Who works downtown? Bankers, lawyers, government officials, and other high-income people who hardly need subsidized transportation. Not only will you pay $1,000 for someone else to ride the train, that someone probably earns more than you.

Nor is high-speed rail good for the environment. The Department of Energy says that, in intercity travel, automobiles are as energy-efficient as Amtrak, and that boosting Amtrak trains to higher speeds will make them less energy-efficient and more polluting than driving. 

An expensive rail system used mainly by a wealthy elite is not change we can believe in. Iowa should use its share of rail stimulus funds for safety improvements such as grade crossings, not for new trains that will obligate taxpayers to pay billions of dollars in additional subsidies.

Randal O’Toole ( is a senior fellow with the Cato Institute and author of “Why Iowa Should Not Build High-Speed Rail,” available from

Reprinted by permission from INSTITUTE BRIEF, a publication of Public Interest Institute.

The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and not necessarily those of Public Interest Institute. They are brought to you in the interest of a better-informed citizenry.

A Republic If You Can Keep It: Failing to Teach First Principles

By John Hendrickson

Today an urgent need exists for a broader understanding of history and government. America is facing a crisis in civic education. Americans are not being good stewards with the legacy left by the Founding Fathers, and the nation is facing a national emergency of losing not only its identity, but also its history and values. Americans have a citizenship responsibility that requires an informed patriotism based on our history and institutions. Students across the nation, including Iowa’s students — at all levels — are not learning the fundamentals of civic education.

Numerous studies from the Intercollegiate Studies Institute, The Bradley Project on America’s National Identity, and the American Council of Trustees and Alumni have demonstrated that higher education has failed to teach college students basic civic education, that is, history, government, and economics. In fact many students can graduate from college and not take a course in American history, government, or economics. Russell Kirk in his book The American Cause wrote that “many Americans are badly prepared for their task of defending their own convictions and interests and institutions against the grim threat of armed ideology.” Kirk correctly stated that “ignorance is a dangerous luxury.”

Forces have been at work to undermine civic knowledge and American identity. Some of these factors include modern liberalism, political correctness, multiculturalism, globalization, nihilism, and radical secularism among others. “How does one sever a people’s roots? Answer: Destroy its memory. Deny a people of who they are and where they came from,” wrote Patrick J. Buchan in The Death of the West.

Many of these forces are at work in colleges and universities across America as well as in society and government.  Matthew Spalding, a constitutional scholar at The Heritage Foundation, noted that modern liberalism “has attempted to ‘re-found’ America around evolving rights, unlimited government, and a ‘living’ Constitution.” This is exactly the policy direction of President Obama and his administration.

One major problem facing higher education is the core curriculum. Many colleges and universities, both private and public, follow a traditional liberal-arts based core curriculum in their general education requirements. Students have the opportunity of taking courses in the liberal-arts fields (physical and biological sciences, social sciences, humanities, writing, and mathematics), but often times students have a wide field to select courses from. This has been described as a “hollow-core” because students do not have to take fundamental core courses that are especially relevant to civic education. Dr. Barry Latzer wrote “that this cafeteria-style approach is a poor substitute for a true, carefully designed core curriculum.”

Hillsdale College, located in Michigan, and Patrick Henry College, located in Virginia, are two leading examples of institutions of higher education that institute a traditional liberal-arts curriculum that emphasizes civic education. For example students at both colleges must take a course that focuses on the United States Constitution. In addition, both colleges place a high emphasis on having their graduates leave campus with an understanding of American history, government, and fundamental institutions. Hillsdale and Patrick Henry have incorporated civic education into their core curriculums and it is the moral foundation of their academic programs and both serve as solid examples.

President Ronald Reagan in his Farewell Address warned of an eradication of patriotism. President Reagan’s warning must be taken seriously. Although many students are leaving college ignorant of American history or even appreciating our great heritage — the problem runs deeper in our culture at large. Families, educators at all levels, businesses, and civic leaders all have a responsibility to foster and teach civic education. Civic education and patriotism must be restored. The nation has failed in teaching first principles and the future of the republic is at stake if America continues to neglect its heritage and values. As President Abraham Lincoln warned: “As a nation of freemen, we must live through all time, or die by suicide.”     

The views expressed in this column are those of the author and not necessarily those of the Public Interest Institute.  They are brought to you in the interest of a better informed citizenry.

John Hendrickson is a Research Analyst with the Public Interest Institute, 600 North Jackson Street, Mount Pleasant, IA 52641-1328.

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