Previous month:
April 2009
Next month:
June 2009

May 2009

Where has our Power Gone?

By Deborah D. Thornton

A year ago, in the May 2008 Public Interest Institute Iowa Economic Scorecard, I encouraged our readers to have the courage to use the power already in our hands. I would reiterate that sentiment, but I’m not sure we still have that power. Federal and State govern­ments are out of control, spending every penny they can find. The federal budget this year? $3.9 trillion, double the level of spend­ing in eight years, with over 1,800 subsidy programs. Their attitude in Washington, D.C. is: “What’s a deficit? We’ll make it up in four, no five, no seven years.” In all likelihood, it will never be made up. Our children will be paying for the rest of their lives. 

At the state level, Governor Culver just signed the largest state budget ever. Of this, over $530 million is coming from federal stimulus money. In addition, there is a bonding (read “borrowing”) plan of another $830 million. The interest on these bonds will cost millions, over the next 20 years, at current rates. By the time these bonds are paid off, the infra­structure will be worn out and need to be replaced again. State government will just use more loans, I guess. Governor Culver isn’t worried; someone else will be Governor in 20 years. Meanwhile our population, and therefore taxpaying workers, continues to age.  Our children continue to move elsewhere and our schools are shrinking. 

For Fiscal Year 2008 the Iowa General Fund budget was $5.9 billion, in FY 2009 it increased, and the FY 2010 budget just passed and signed is for at least $6.2 billion. Meanwhile, March 2009 Revenue Estimating Conference estimates are only $5.7 billion. Without the federal money the budget would not be balanced, as required by law. At the same time, over $232 million in savings proposed by the minority party were voted down in a straight line Democrat (majority) versus Republican (minority) vote.

The power even to be listened to is certainly not in Republican hands. This was clearly demonstrated when Speaker of the House, Pat Murphy, threw over 500 taxpaying citizens out of the gallery during a “public” hearing they had every right to attend. His premise was that you were supposed to be quiet when in the House gallery, though this was not an official legislative session.  Even though they were talking about a major change in Iowa tax law, the repeal of federal deductibility, the people were not important enough to be heard.

On April 23 Dave Ramsey, promoter of the financial philosophy of being “Debt Free!!” and proud of it, had a nation­wide “Town Hall for Hope” in 112 locations in Iowa and thousands more nationwide. Over 100,000 enthusiastic Americans gathered to focus on their personal fiscal literacy, accountability, and responsibility, and discuss the current economic situation. Even more listened on the radio and TV.  The idea is that financial discipline coupled with long-term focus will pay off in large dividends. Every elected official in Iowa should have been required to attend. Ramsey’s definition of “Hope” is having a financial plan and following it, not counting on the govern­ment. He and his followers are about true change. 

Unfortunately, our elected officials have not attended his seminars, and understand neither “debt free” nor “hope.” For example, the Iowa City City Council recently voted to buy an $80,000 metal sculpture of trees for a field, instead of building and staffing a new fire station. Even real trees could have been planted instead.  They obviously have no idea who Dave Ramsey is.  Being debt free appears to be a foreign concept.  

Interestingly enough, State Senator Joe Bolkcom, Democrat from Iowa City, introduced Senate Study Bill 1308 this year, allowing for the imposition of a local “city” income tax, in addition to federal and state income taxes. Maybe the City Council is “hoping” for new taxes so they can fund the real needs of the community.

The power over our personal budgets and spending is still in our hands, but our power over our government and elected officials is rapidly diminishing, along with their accountability. We must hang onto both our personal power and our power over our government.  If you are also concerned, express your opinion, vote, and finally run for office.  We need people like Dave Ramsey in office.  Iowa needs people who work to pay off their debts and who proudly holler on the radio, “I’m debt free and proud of it!”  Then we need them to take that commitment and dedication to the halls of our government and make the same changes there.    

The views expressed in this column are those of the author and not necessarily those of Public Interest Institute.  They are brought to you in the interest of a better-informed citizenry.

Deborah D. Thornton, Research Analyst, Public Interest Institute, 600 North Jackson Street, Mount. Pleasant, IA 52641-1328.  Phone:  319-385-3462.  Web site:


Under the Cover of Darkness

By Doug Stout

Have you ever stopped to consider why legislative bodies all creep out of the Capitol in the middle of the night?  Does that really make any sense when you think about it?  I don’t know too many people who do their best work when they have been working for almost 24 hours straight and it is past 5 a.m. in the morning. However, our State Legislators did it again at the end of this session of the General Assembly. The Iowa House adjourned at 5:04 a.m. on Sunday April 26, 2009.   The State Senate, the more “senior” body of the Legislature had to wait for them to get done to pass the final legislation.  They hit the final gavel at 5:56 a.m. on the Sunday morning.(1) 

Have you noticed that the media tends to play into their hands and add to the “drama” of the event?  Most all of the news reports said the same thing…5:04 a.m.  Specifically 5:04 a.m., not at “about 5 a.m.,” or “early this morning.”  Nope, they finished “the people’s” business at 5:04 a.m.  (Of course that is only true if you define the “people’s business” as burdening our children with 20 years and over $1.7 billion dollars in principal and interest to pay back on the money they borrowed,  rather than make difficult funding choices.(2)  I actually thought it was their job to make difficult spending choices?  Has that gone out of style at some point?  They passed the enormous bonding proposal even though polls showed that 71% of Iowans thought it was a bad idea.(3)  Governor Culver added insult to injury by labeling it as his “signature” legislative achievement??)

I was also under the impression that Iowa was required by law to have a balanced budget each year, but in politics…where there is a will…there is a way.  The “will” was to spend more than they had…even when you include the “one-time” federal stimulus money flowing into Iowa. (Also borrowed from our children, but that is another issue.)  The “way” was to use the federal borrowed money to “plug holes” in the obligations created by Governor Culver and the State Legislature overspending last year, which is really unfortunate, because those “holes” are still going to be there when the federal stimulus money stops coming.  The other “way” was to borrow well over $830 million dollars, which will take 20 years and over $1.7 billion dollars to pay back.  This was in addition to spending over $6.3 billion dollars in this year’s budget alone, the largest in Iowa history, at a time when the national economy and tax revenues do not justify, nor support those expenditures.

However, let’s get back to the 5:04 and 5:56 a.m. adjournment times. Why is there an aversion to taking a nice nap and finishing up in the daylight? It is enough to make believers in the supernatural, who have been watching a few too many “creature features” on the late night movies, (those are the movies that tend to be on at about the same time our Legislators were deciding our state budget priorities for the year), wonder if there are secretly vampires lurking in our Statehouse?  I have heard politicians referred to as “blood suckers,” but I always thought that was a figurative description and that the term was rather beneath the dignity of their office, although maybe it does now have a double meaning?  When transparency advocates talk about “letting the sun shine in,” it is usually a metaphor.  In this case, it can also be taken literally. Most real people have jobs and families to attend to…they are not going to be watching too closely in the middle of the night. The same goes for political reporters, although my hats off to those intrepid few who stayed to report that the Senate left at exactly 5:56, missing those deadly morning sun rays with only minutes to spare.  Both reporters and Legislators are bound to be a bit disoriented in the early morning hours. There were reports that one obviously sober State Legislator literally fell out of his chair at one point in the early morning…as though he were drunk.(4)  Sleep deprivation is not a laughing matter when you are making the difficult decisions we require of our elected officials.  

One reason the leadership does it, is that Legislators become more “pliable” when they want to go home and get some sleep.  The debates get shorter, the amendments get fewer, and the challenges to leadership decisions also decrease with the hour.  There is the entirely human emotion capitalized on by Legislative leaders: “Let’s get this over with and get out of here.” 

It is treated like a “three ring circus,” complete with the guy in the funny suit. Apparently, late on Saturday evening an aide to Senate Majority Leader Mike Gronstal…was given a round of applause when he walked in wearing an outlandish “adjournment jacket,” which is apparently a traditional sign that the Legislature is in its final hours.(5)  I am sorry, but particularly this year, with the very serious matters facing our political leaders, most Iowans were not laughing.

Making spending decisions is always difficult and the irresponsible spending increases from last year made this year much more difficult.  The Governor and Legislative leaders were counting on huge economic growth to cover up last year’s excesses, a risky and irresponsible strategy, which caught up with them. So I don’t think the “losers” in this year’s spending lottery thought the process was particularly funny.   Iowa State Extension employees were probably not enjoying the spectacle all that much.

A revealing article in the Des Moines Register reported, “At 3:49 a.m. (Senator Bill) Dotzler put on his Blues Brother’s sun glasses, an annual cue that the end is near.”  Senator Dotzler (D) was quoted in the same article as saying about the late night session disputes: “What happens at the very end is, it ends up being more about turf and personalities.”  (I am sure that is reassuring to Iowans.)  The article also reported that at about “3:40 a.m. Rep. Christopher Rants (R) left the House chamber in disgust to get some sleep before driving home for his daughter’s confirmation in Sioux City.” He was quoted as saying: “This is ridiculous.  The only result could be ‘bad law.’”(6)  (Based on the timeline spelled out by the reporter, this means he missed seeing the Blues Brother’s sun glasses go on; I am sure he is sorry he missed that.)

The article noted that Representative Scott Raecker (R) complained about the spending that was slipped into the late-night bills, and added that Iowans would have been better off if their lawmakers had done business in the light of day. The article ended with: “One Senator was snoring loudly at his desk at the back of the chamber at 5 a.m.”(7) 

Our publicly elected officials were “at work” on decisions impacting your jobs and your lives.  Late night sessions are done for a reason…they break down accountability…they lessen transparency…and they focus the attention on the circus atmosphere rather than on the deadly serious matters being dealt with in a sleepless stupor by our elected officials. These are not matters for fun and games.  Legislators are real people, with real lives, and what they do when they leave the Statehouse Chambers is usually none of our concern, but publicly elected officials on the floor of the Chamber making decisions that will impact our lives and our children’s lives…should probably not act in a fashion that resembles a slumber party.

Meanwhile, one of the things that the Members did not have time to deal with in their late night frivolity was legislation to make state government spending more transparent.  Even though a bill had passed the House by an overwhelming vote of 96-3, which would have provided for a comprehensive web site to bring needed transparency information regarding spending by Iowa state agencies to the general public, the bill was left for dead in the Senate State Government Committee. Senate Majority Leader Gronstal (D) took no action to further consideration of the legislation.  Since this is the first year of the General Assembly, the same cast of characters will return next January.  We can only hope that the leadership is more receptive to the concept of making government actions more transparent to the general public in 2010.

One House Member who will not return in the same role as he began this session will be State Representative Mike Reasoner (D). On Thursday, April 23, with only hours to go in the session that ended very early on Sunday morning, Representative Reasoner abruptly resigned as one of the Assistant Leaders of the House Democratic Caucus. The timing of the resignation and the reasons behind it are interesting. Representative Reasoner’s letter to the Speaker of the House resigning his leadership office offered the following clues to his resignation, it said in part: “To do justice to the position, a balancing of interests must occur – presenting a unified, public agreement with leadership while at the same time reconciling district and personal philosophies.  My differences of opinion as to the direction of the caucus are at odds with the direction you believe House Democrats should pursue…”(8)

It is not unusual for someone to decide between sessions if they no longer want to be part of the leadership team, however to resign in the 11th hour suggests there was even more going on behind the scenes in the Democratic caucus than we know.  The timing of the resignation suggests either he was pressured to resign the position by the Speaker…or did so out of principle based on his strong disagreement with the policies or tactics of the Speaker.  This is the same Speaker who earlier in the session held the voting machine open for an entire weekend, because he did not have the votes to win on the measure. Depending on your perspective, he was either trying to “twist arms” to get the final vote he needed or was throwing a temper tantrum because he did not get his way.  And yet, after that action there were no resignations. It makes you wonder just what would cause Representative Reasoner to feel so passionate that he would resign with only hours left in the session, knowing that it would cause media attention and curiosity and reflect on the Speaker. 

This is in addition to rumors that the House Democratic Majority Leader, Kevin McCarthy, might not return next year in his current position.  In fact, when asked about his closing speech in the early morning hours of the last moments of the session, he commented that the rumors were that it would be his resignation speech.(9)  It is enough to make you wonder just what is going on behind those closed doors in the Democratic caucus. It is also curious that the caucus would almost unanimously pass the bonding proposal, putting our children in debt for twenty years, when 71% of Iowans had expressed their opposition to the approach. If the people of Iowa, who elected them to office, are not the primary decision makers on caucus policy, it begs the question of who is making the policy decisions… and on what basis are they making them? It is a level of transparency that I unfortunately do not expect to be forthcoming anytime in the near future, but it is a level of transparency that would do wonders for letting the average Iowan know who is really making the policy decisions in our Legislative chambers.  It would be helpful to know just what they have in store for Iowans in the 2010 Legislative session less than 8 months away.

On the Federal level, one issue of transparency comes to mind which should be mentioned this month.  Although to be fair to the Obama Administration, they have not been shy about expressing their desire to spend enormous amounts of federal money, borrowed from future generations. However, they have not been overly forthcoming in explaining just how burdensome these obligations will be to our children and grandchildren. In this case, the failure of transparency has more to do with the general media not making a point of addressing the issue. I know you all know about the April 15 deadline for paying your federal taxes and most of you probably saw news coverage of the TEA parties held across Iowa and across the nation, protesting the increasing size of our government. What you may have missed was another milestone. I am not referring to President Obama’s first 100 days in office, that story got a lot of media coverage.  The story that was harder to find was for the first time in United States history, our country spent all of the money we are going to collect this fiscal year by April 26.(10)

This means that between now and the end of the Federal fiscal year which ends on the last day of September, everything the federal government spends, on any and all programs and projects, or salaries, or stimulus payments, or foreign aid, or anything else you can think of…will be paid for with money borrowed from our children and grandchildren, which they will have to pay back with interest.  This is the earliest point of the year when we have ever crossed from the “black ink” to “red ink,” to use old accounting terms. The term is called “Debt Day” and it is a frightening reminder of what is happening to our nation’s financial underpinnings.  It is not a coincidence that the Obama Administration set another record mark…the most federal money ever spent in our history in the first 100 days of a Presidential Administration.(11)

Transparency is an important aspect of government at all levels which transcends policy and party. Whether you are a liberal or conservative, Democrat or Republican, it is beneficial for government responsiveness and accountability to know what our government is doing, and how it is making its decisions, and how it is spending our current and future tax dollars.  However, it is also important that the average citizen makes use of the information which is made transparent and takes action in the civic arena to use that information to improve government performance and to register their views with their elected officials regarding the policy decisions being made in their name and on their behalf as taxpayers and citizens.


1 O.Kay Henderson, “Legislators conclude ’09 session just before six a.m. Sunday,” Radio Iowa, April 25, 2009,  April 27, 2009.

2 Lynn Campbell and Andrew Duffelmeyer, “Legislature wraps up voting on $765 million bonding plan,” Iowa, April 26, 2009,  April 27, 2009.

3 Thomas Beaumont, “Most Iowans have doubts about federal stimulus plan,” The Des Moines Register, April 12, 2009,, April 14, 2009.

4 Jennifer Jacobs, “Iowa Legislature adjourns just before 6 a.m.,” The Des Moines, April 26, 2009,, May 6, 2009.

5 O.Kay Henderson, “The Jacket” Radio Iowa the Blog, April 25, 2009,, May 6, 2009.

6 Jennifer Jacobs, “Iowa Legislature adjourns just before 6 a.m.,” The Des Moines, April 26, 2009,, May 6, 2009.

7 Ibid.

8 Larry Peterson, “Reasoner resigns leadership post,” Osceola Sentinel-Tribune, April 30, 2009,, May 1, 2009.

9 Jennifer Jacobs, “Iowa Legislature adjourns just before 6 a.m.,” The Des Moines, April 26, 2009,, May 6, 2009.

10 “Happy Debt Day: Government to ‘Run Out’ of Cash Sunday, Earliest Ever,” Fox, April 24, 2009, <

politics/first100days/2009/04/24/happy-debt-day-government-run-cash-sunday-earliest/>, April 27, 2009.

11 Rep. John Boehner, “Debt Day: A Symbol of Washington’s Arrogant Culture of Borrowing and Spending,” Office of the House GOP Leader, April 22, 2009,, April 30, 2009. 

Doug Stout is a Research Analyst with Public Interest Institute. 

The May 2009 IOWA TRANSPARENCY NEWSLETTER can be viewed at Public Interest Institute’s government transparency web site,

Reprinted by permission from IOWA TRANSPARENCY NEWSLETTER, a publication of Public Interest Institute.  The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Public Interest Institute. They are brought to you in the interest of a better-informed citizenry.

Economy still shrinking

Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States -- decreased at an annual rate of 5.7 percent in the first quarter of 2009, (that is, from the fourth quarter to the first quarter), according to preliminary estimates released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.  In the fourth quarter, real GDP decreased 6.3 percent.

The full text of the release on BEA's Web site can be found at

ECO Iowa City Backyard Composting Workshop & Compost Facility Tours in June

ECO Iowa City is a grant-funded initiative to improve environmental sustainability in Iowa City.

Upcoming events:

Backyard Composting
What: Learn about converting yard and kitchen waste into valuable soil for your yard and garden. Presented by Risa Dotson Eicke, Master Gardener Intern. Information on ECO Iowa City compost bin subsidy will also be available.
Where: Meeting Room A
When: 7:00 p.m. Thursday, June 25

ECO Iowa City Landfill and Compost Facility Tour
What: Join ECO Iowa City for a tour of the compost facility at the Iowa City Landfill and Recycling Center. Learn about how compost is made on a large scale, the environmental benefits of composting as a waste reduction tool and how you can use compost to improve your yard or gardens!
Where: Please carpool if you know anyone else attending; parking is limited! The Iowa City Landfill and Recycling Center is located at 3900 Hebl Avenue Southwest. Take Melrose Avenue west out of Iowa City about 3 miles, then turn left onto Hebl Avenue Southwest. The landfill is at the end of Hebl Avenue Southwest.
When: Tours will be at 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m. on Saturday, June 27. Register for the 9:00 a.m. tour and for the 11:00 a.m. tour or call the Reference Desk at 319.356.5200 option 5.

Rummage in the Ramp at Chauncey Swan Ramp
What: 10-day-long garage sale benefiting several area non-profit groups aimed at waste reduction and affordability (most items are priced under $20). Items for donation should be dropped off at the ramp on sale days.
Where: Gilbert and Washington Streets
When: July 24-August 2

For more information:

Editor's Note:  How is this truly a need?  Have folks not heard of HGTV?  IPTV?  From the public notice:  "Information on ECO Iowa City compost bin subsidy will also be available."  That's absurd!  A subsidy for a compost bin?

Local Taekwondo students to hold fundraiser event for trip to Chicago

CORALVILLE, IA. -- Taekwondo students from Kang’s Martial Arts Academy in Coralville will be conducting a fundraiser event in order to help raise funds for a trip to Chicago.

A bake sale and Taekwondo demonstration will be held at the Coralville Walmart parking lot Saturday, June 6 at 1pm.  There will also be a raffle, featuring a Starbuck’s gift bag and a gift certificate to Paris Nails.

The fundraiser is for students hoping to attend the first ever U.S. National/International Hanmadang Games in Chicago.  In attendance at the games will be Taekwondo Masters, Grandmasters, various officials from across the world, and of course the athletes participating in the games such as those representing Kang’s Martial Arts and Coralville.

Bring the kids to watch the Kang’s Martial Arts demonstration team at the event!  Information about the academy and the Hanmadang games will be on site.

Specializing in Taekwondo and Kum Do Martial arts training, Kang’s Academy is located at 2421 James St. in Coralville.  Located directly across from the Coral Ridge Mall and close to IHop, Kang’s is open from 4:45pm into the evening hours Monday through Thursday.  A second school is located in Cedar Rapids at the Lindale Mall.  For more information check out the Kang’s Martial Arts website at or call 319-338-2264.

In considering the Supreme Court nomination of Sonia Sotomayor

"It has long, however, been my opinion, and I have never shrunk from its expression ... that the germ of dissolution of our federal government is in the constitution of the federal Judiciary; ... working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and advancing its noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all shall be usurped."

--Thomas Jefferson, letter to Charles Hammond, August 18, 1821

Editor's Note:  Of six Sotomayor decided cases that have gone before the Supreme Court on appeal, five have been reversed.  A seventh case is pending.  Her record with the Supreme Court is 1-6 and on the one case the Supremes didn't reverse, they unanimously chided her reasoning.

Ford's The Favorite Among Big Three, But GM, Chrysler Rebound

With Chrysler in a government-supervised bankruptcy and General Motors expected to follow suit any day now, Ford is stretching its lead as the most highly regarded of the Big Three automakers.But while previous surveys have shown a continuing drop in favorability for the two bailed-out companies, GM and Chrysler have rebounded slightly in a new Rasmussen Reports national telephone survey.

UI College of Education honors students at spring awards ceremony

The University of Iowa College of Education presented a variety of scholarships to some of its top students during its annual student awards ceremony in April at the University Athletics Club.

The awards and scholarships are given annually in the UI College of Education and are based on academic achievement and potential for success in a particular field within education, among other criteria.

For more information on the UI College of Education, visit

Editor's Note: Corridor area students who received scholarships are listed below by hometown.

CEDAR RAPIDS: Juliana Khouri, a UI student pursuing a bachelor's degree in Spanish as well as her K-12 teaching credentials in both Spanish and English as a Second Language (ESL), is the recipient of the Kyle C. and Eula B. Jones Student Teaching Scholarship. This scholarship is presented to an undergraduate student in elementary or secondary education. Funding for the scholarship has been made available from a bequest by the late Michael Jones (1975, M.D.) in honor of his parents, Kyle C. and Eula B. Jones. Kyle Jones was a long-time administrator in Iowa, and for a number of years was superintendent of schools at Grinnell.

CORALVILLE: Leonarda Decker, first year student in the Master of Arts program in the UI College of Education Department of Counseling, Rehabilitation and Student Development, is the recipient of the Leonard A. Miller Memorial Scholarship. The scholarship is given to a first year master's student in rehabilitation counseling and is based on performance and the potential to become an outstanding rehabilitation counselor practitioner. The award was established to honor the example and memory of Dr. Leonard A. Miller, who had served on the rehabilitation counseling education faculty for 15 years at the time of his death. Decker, who was born and raised in Lithuania, is a wife, mother and graduate student who hopes to make a difference in people's lives.

CORALVILLE: Michael Potter, a UI student pursuing a master's of arts degree in educational administration, is the recipient of the Kyle and Eula Jones Scholarship in Educational Administration Award, presented to students in educational administration who are working toward licensure in elementary or secondary education. Funding for the scholarship has been made available from a bequest by the late Michael Jones (1975, M.D.) in honor of his parents, Kyle C. and Eula B. Jones. Kyle Jones was a long-time administrator in Iowa, and for a number of years was superintendent of schools at Grinnell. Potter has completed his first year as the school administration manager at North Bend Elementary School in North Liberty, which is part of the Clear Creek Amana District.

IOWA CITY: Kyle Phillips, who is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in English Education, is the recipient of the Dr. Mary Agnella Gunn Memorial Scholarship. Funding for this scholarship was established by the trust of Dr. Marion Anderson (B.A. 1924, M.A. 1926, Ph.D. 1934) in memory of her long-time friend, Dr. Mary Agnella Gunn (B.A. 1923, M.A. 1927, Ph.D. 1933). Phillips has been working as the Iowa City High School head speech coach since 2006 and hopes to get a teaching job at City High so he can continue coaching the speech team.

IOWA CITY: Lindsay Laurich, a doctoral student in language, literacy and culture, is the recipient of the Betty Piercy Award. Piercy was one of the first organizers of the International Reading Association (IRA) councils in the state of Iowa. The state IRA established this fund in her memory along with generous contributions from the Iowa City chapter. Laurich was a middle school and fourth grade classroom teacher and a literacy coach before shifting her attention to full-time doctoral studies. She has done ground-breaking work with "technology think tanks," exploring technology, reflecting on its role in elementary students' lives in and out of school, and considering how teachers might better support children's development of technology knowledge.

IOWA CITY: Melissa Orsino, currently enrolled in the M.A.T. English Education Program, is the recipient of the Emma Bauman Holmes Education Scholarship, and the Gladys and Margaret Harvey Education Scholarship. The Emma Bauman Holmes Education Scholarship is made possible by Dr. Emma Bauman Holmes, who received her doctorate in elementary education from the University of Iowa.  The Gladys and Margaret Harvey Education Scholarship is presented to a student who has returned to receive teacher certification following a bachelor's degree. Funding was established by gifts made by Margaret K. Harvey in memory of her sister, Gladys Harvey (B.A. 1925).  Orsino currently writes language arts questions for the Iowa Testing Program, participates in the West Liberty tutoring program, works with adult English language learners, and drives a school bus for the Iowa City Community School District.

IOWA CITY: Michael Ayers, a doctoral student in language, literacy and culture in the secondary education program, is the recipient of the Howard R. Jones Achievement Award. He was recognized along with fellow student, Jennifer Teitle, because of their collaboration on a paper presentation at the National Council of Teachers of English-Assembly for Research Conference. Their paper is titled "Youth Culture, Multimodality, and 'Authenticity'; The Case for Subcultural Theory in New Literacy Studies." This award honors Howard R. Jones, dean of the UI College of Education from 1962-1979. Colleagues and friends established the award at the time of his retirement in 1979. The award is presented annually to a student in a graduate program in the UI College of Education who has made a noteworthy scholarly presentation at a national professional conference or who has published a significant scholarly article in a reputable professional journal or other substantial printed work.

IOWA CITY: Noël Harmon, a doctoral student in student affairs administration and research and developing scholar and a social justice advocate, is the recipient of the Albert Hood Promising Scholar Award. This award honors Albert Hood, internationally known in the area of college student development, who has published more than 100 publications, including four books. Harmon has taught courses on multiculturalism at the UI and will focus her dissertation on the experiences of black female athletes at a Division I institution.

IOWA CITY: Shonna Negus, a UI student pursuing a post bachelor of arts certification in elementary education, is the recipient of the Jack Bagford Elementary Education Award. The award was established through support by Christine Rauscher, a doctoral alumna of the College of Education and currently consultant in the Bureau of Teaching and Learning Services in the Division of PK-12 Education at the Iowa Department of Education. Bagford was a faculty member in the College of Education from 1962 to 1991.

UI-led team develops DNA compounds that could help treat lupus

A research team led by a University of Iowa investigator has generated DNA-like compounds that effectively inhibit the cells responsible for systemic lupus erythematosus -- the most common and serious form of lupus. There currently is no cure for this chronic autoimmune condition that damages the skin, joints and internal organs and affects an estimated one million Americans.

The team, which included researchers at Boston University School of Medicine, demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effects of class R inhibitory oligonucleotides in laboratory experiments. The findings, which could eventually lead to new treatments, appear May 28 in BioMed Central's open access journal Arthritis Research and Therapy.

"The increased potency of class R inhibitory oligonucleotides for certain cells involved in lupus flare-ups could help patients by providing specific inhibition, yet allowing them to generate a protective immune response when needed," said the study's lead author, Petar Lenert, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of internal medicine at the UI Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine.

During periodic flare-ups in people with lupus, the immune system overreacts and mistakenly attacks cells and tissues throughout the body, resulting in a range of symptoms including inflammation, pain and a characteristic "butterfly rash" across the cheeks.

Using human cell lines and isolated mouse cells, Lenert and his colleagues showed that the DNA-like compounds were able to selectively reduce the activity of two types of immune cells called autoreactive B cells and dendritic cells. When given to mice with lupus, the compounds delayed death and reduced kidney damage, proving their effectiveness.

"With further testing, we hope that class R inhibitory oligonucleotides may become another weapon in the fight against lupus," Lenert said.

Lupus prevalence varies by country and ethnicity. It is much more common in women than men; nine out of 10 people with lupus are female. Lupus also is three times more common in African-American women than in Caucasian women and is more prevalent in women of Latino, Asian and Native American descent.